The uterus is lined by a specialized layer of cells called the endometrium. It is to this lining that embryos implant and begin to develop in pregnancy. It is critical to thoroughly evaluate the uterine cavity for potential defects or obstacles to the implantation of the embryo.
Some of the potential defects would be uterine scar tissue (from previous pregnancies or procedures), polyps (benign glandular growths), fibroids, or other structural defects in the uterus.
The uterus or womb plays an important role in fertility. It is where the embryo (baby) implants and grows. Having a good environment to grow and nurture the baby is important.
No matter what type of fertility treatment is performed, including IVF or IUI, having a normal uterus is important.
The uterus is made of soft tissue (like the fallopian tubes), so it cannot be seen on a normal X-ray and specialized imaging tests may need to be performed. Depending on your specific situation, the evaluation may include the following tests: