Male factor infertility represents 35% of all infertility cases. Conceiving a baby is influenced by a number of factors, including healthy sperm. After a woman’s age, male infertility is the second biggest cause of pregnancy delay and affects almost half of all couples having trouble conceiving.
Male infertility can be divided into two major categories that include: abnormalities of sperm production and obstruction or absence of the ductal system. The majority of male factor infertility is idiopathic (cause unknown).
At Footsteps To Fertility Centre in Nairobi, Kenya we offer patients personalized evaluation to assess the fertility potential of sperm. This helps to provide clinical diagnosis and the management of male infertility. Our aim is to correct the underlying cause of infertility in order to achieve pregnancy and have a healthy child.
Microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration (MESA) and testicular sperm extraction (TESE) are procedures involving the introduction of a thin needle directly into the testicle under anesthesia to obtain sperm for IVF/ICSI procedure.
It is most commonly utilized in cases of spermatic duct occlusion or absence, but can also be performed in cases of ejaculatory dysfunction, such as spinal cord injuries or in cases of intractable male impotency.
IVF offers the best treatment option for all male factor infertility cases regardless of the severity, but should not suggest that all male factor infertility cases be treated with IVF.
In mild forms, IUI treatment is acceptable, especially in early infertility cases with no other identifiable cause.IVF along with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) allows couples to achieve pregnancy even with very low sperm count and can be applied to all male factor infertility cases.
Vasectomy reversal. Sometimes, a vasectomy reversal may be the preferred option for men who wish to conceive with a new partner.
This is performed as a day surgery procedure utilizing the operating microscope. As the surgery involves very tiny sutures, a week at least must be set aside to aid healing and prevent injury to the especially small area of the vasectomy reversal site.
There is usually nothing that can be done to prevent male infertility caused by genetic problems or illness. However, there are actions that men can take to decrease the possibility of infertility.