If the tissue is placed outside of the pelvis, ovaries may be stimulated with hormone treatment and IVF may be attempted to fertilize the egg, create an embryo and transfer into the uterus.
A limited number of pregnancies have been reported with ovarian tissue freezing and the success rate is considered to be very low. A detailed discussion with a fertility specialist is recommended for all individuals at risk for losing their fertility potential.
There are many options available to both men and women including sperm, egg and embryo freezing. Additionally, third party reproduction– which includes using donor sperm, donor eggs and donated embryos– is always an option.
Gestational surrogacy is also an option for women who are unable to carry a pregnancy to term or those exposed to high doses of chemotherapy that damaged their uterus.