Male Fertility Preservation

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Male Fertility

If you are diagnosed with cancer where the recommended treatment may affect sperm quality or production, you may wish to consider sperm freezing in order to preserve your chance of having a family in the future when you are well again.

Male infertility is an inability to produce healthy sperm or to ejaculate sperm.

It is important to discuss this with your cancer specialist, who may refer you directly to a fertility specialist, depending on the urgency of your situation.

Both chemotherapy and radiotherapy may affect sperm production. The effect may be temporary or permanent.

Once your treatment begins, it may be too late to collect and preserve your sperm.

Couples preparing for IVF may need to store semen specimens in advance of the procedure. Others may want to preserve their fertility due to military service, occupational risks, or for other personal reasons.

Male Fertility Preservation

What is Sperm Freezing?

Sperm freezing and storage is the procedure whereby sperm cells are frozen to preserve them for future use.

Why would I want to freeze my sperm?

Unfortunately, life is unpredictable. There are many situations that could interfere with your future fertility. These may include

  • Chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
  • Certain types of pelvic or testicular surgery.
  • Vasectomy.
  • High-risk occupations or sports.
  • Diabetes, which may cause erectile difficulty.
  • Being away from home on day of assisted reproductive treatment.
  • Anxiety on the day of treatment (backup storage)
  • Sperm can also be frozen in men who are planning on undergoing vasectomy, with a history of vasectomy or who recently had a vasectomy reversal.

What are the benefits of Sperm Freezing?

Sperm freezing can preserve fertility for men who:

  • Are about to have treatment for cancer, or undergo prostate or testicular surgery, all of which can harm sperm quality or production
  • Men who live away from their spouse or will not be present during the day of an assisted reproductive treatment – IUI or IVF
  • Plan to have a vasectomy.
  • Are in high-risk professions with exposure to chemicals, radiation or extreme heat that can cause sterility.
  • Suffer ejaculatory dysfunction.

How Does Sperm Freezing Work?

It is preferable if, before your first appointment, blood tests for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, syphilis and HIV are arranged. We routinely screen for these infections because they may be transmitted through the semen, and to minimize the risk of contamination during storage.

Sperm samples are collected, prepared and frozen as soon as practical in order to achieve the best survival rate when subsequently thawed.

If you are unable to produce a sperm sample or if there are no sperm in the semen, it may be possible to collect sperm directly from the testicles in a procedure called a testicular biopsy, where the sperm is obtained by passing a fine needle directly into the testicle under local or general anesthetic.

These sperm, while usually few in number, may be used at a later date for IVF or ICSI.

About 25-50% of the sperm will survive the process of freezing, and they can be stored for many years.

When pregnancy is desired, IUI or IVF can be done. Success rates using frozen-thawed sperm are comparable to freshly collected sperm in men with normal semen parameters undergoing IVF.

Benefits of fertility preservation

Fertility preservation is beneficial in various circumstances, including where:

  • You have a severe illness such as cancer and must undergo treatment that may result in the loss of fertility.
  • You want to have children but are not ready to do so now and are concerned about the effects aging might have on your family’s chances.
  • You are at risk of early menopause.
  • You have a genetic disorder that may limit fertility.

How do I know whether fertility preservation is right for me?

When a cancer diagnosis is made, same-day or next-day appointments are available with Footsteps To Fertility specialists in Kenya to discuss which technique may best fit your situation.

Fertility preservation works best if initiated prior to starting cancer treatments. Some of the factors that go into making decisions about fertility preservation include:

  • Dose, type, and duration of treatments (in general, the higher the dose and the longer the treatment, the greater the chance of developing fertility problems)
  • The area receiving radiation (if used)
  • When treatments are set to begin
  • Age and marital status
  • Personal, cultural, or religious beliefs

How do you preserve male sperm?

Sperm banking entails the collection, analysis, and storage of sperms for future use. Through sperm freezing, we will store your sperm to ensure you become a parent later in life in case of occupational risks, cancer, and its subsequent treatments, which may cause temporary or permanent infertility.

At Footsteps to Fertility Nairobi, we are glad to offer this solution to ensure you become a parent later in life. We will test your blood for hepatitis, HIV, and syphilis before your appointment to minimize contamination risk. Thereafter, we will collect, prepare and freeze your sperms for better survival until you need them. Up to 50% of the sperm will survive this process for many years, and you can achieve pregnancy through IVF or IUI.

Can male fertility be restored?

t is challenging to restore male fertility in most Fertility clinics in Nairobi. However, we consider the inability to conceive as subfertility rather than infertility and offer specialized treatment that has seen most of our patients conceive upon completion of their treatment plan. These options include human artificial insemination, Fertility drugs, and Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).

At Footsteps To Fertility Centre located in Nairobi, Kenya we are glad to offer this male fertility treatment as an option for patients who may have been diagnosed with cancer.

Feel free to contact us, chat with us or directly reserve an appointment below.

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