Fibroids are very common in women of reproductive age with up to 80% of women experiencing fibroids during their lifetime. Fibroids are benign uterine growths, which may affect fertility in the uterine wall (intramural), on the outer surface of the uterus (subserosal) and protruding into the cavity of the uterus (submucosal)
Many women are asymptomatic (have no symptoms) from their fibroids. The most common symptoms related to fibroids are abnormal uterine bleeding, and pressure, because of the size and position and pain, depending on the location and size. Our fertility specialist may prescribe medication or perform surgery to reduce menstrual blood flow, lessen or eliminate pain and improve fertility.
Fibroids, even large ones, can be present without any symptoms.
However, they can also cause a variety of symptoms depending on their size, location and the absence or presence of complications such as torsion (twisting) or degeneration (fibroid grows to an extent that it starts running out of its blood supply).
The most common symptoms are heavy cyclical menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia) accompanied by menstrual pain (dysmenorrhea).
Sometimes, especially when a fibroid protrudes into the uterine cavity, it can cause erosion of the endometrial lining and produce irregular or continuous bleeding (menometrorrhagia).
Other possible symptoms include pain with deep penetration during intercourse (dyspareunia), bladder irritability, rectal pressure, constipation and painful bowel movements (dyschezia).