What does the semen analysis test tell you?
Before producing the specimen, there should be at least two to three days (but no more than five days) of sexual abstinence.
A semen analysis measures include ejaculate volume, sperm count, motility (movement of sperm), and morphology (shape of sperm). This test can diagnose a variety of male factor issues including Azoospermia, which is an absence of sperm; Oligospermia, decreased sperm numbers; Asthenospermia , slow moving sperm ; Hypospermia, low semen volume; or Teratospermia, which is an increase in the number of morphologically abnormal sperm, any of which can affect or prevent conception.
It also looks at a man’s PH level, viscosity (fluidity of the sperm), the presence of immature sperm, presence or absence of blood cells.